GOVERNMENT OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF NAGALIM
(THE SPEECH OF HIS EXCELLENCY, THE YARUIWO INO Q. TUCCU, GOVERNMENT OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF NAGALIM (GPRN) ON THE 7th COMMEMORATION OF THE HISTORIC FRAMEWORK AGREEMENT SIGNED ON AUGUST 3, 2015 AT NEW DELHI)
Council Headquarters, Hebron the 3rd August, 2022
My dear countrymen, I join with you on this important day of commemorating the historic Framework Agreement signed between the Government of India and the National Socialist Council of Nagalim on August 3, 2015.
I give my revolutionary salute to all those martyrs who have given their best for the cause of Nagalim for Christ.
75 years ago, our fathers declared the Naga National Independence on the 14th of August 1947. And it was informed to the United Nations (UN), and all the Embassies in Delhi. But before long, the Indian and Burmese Governments sent hundreds of thousands of their troops to occupy our land in total violations of the International law against which, the Naga people have been resisting from all fronts till date.
The declared Naga independence should be recognized by other countries particularly by the aggressor-states. The Framework Agreement says that the unique history of the Naga independence and the unique situation is recognized by the Government of India. By unique history, it means the Nagas have never been a part of the Union of India. By unique situation, it means it is political, not law and order problem of India.
We say sovereignty is our inherent right and that the Nagas are a sovereign people. However, it must be recognized by other nation-states. The Framework Agreement says, “Sovereignty lies with the people.” Therefore, the sovereignty of the Nagas lies with the Naga people and sovereignty of India lies with the Indian people. In the competency it says, “In the matter of her own affairs as mutually agreed upon, Nagalim shall be sovereign.” The interlocutors of the Government of India are making the Naga flag and constitution an issue. It is known to all that the flag and the constitution are component parts of the recognised sovereignty and unique history.
We truly say we are Nagas, not Indians, but the Government of India did not respect the Naga national identity. The Nagas must be a recognized entity. The Naga national entity is now recognized by the Government of India. The Framework Agreement speaks of this.
I reiterate the historical fact that the Nagas have never been a part of the Union of India either by consent or by conquest. Indeed, in 1950, the Indian Constituent Assembly invited the Nagas to join the Union of India, but it was rejected by the Naga people for the reason that merger of Nagalim with the Union of India is but suicidal for them. Acknowledging this fact, the government of India proposed ‘co-existence of the two entities sharing sovereign power.’ It means co-existing with India without forgoing the national rights of the Nagas.
The Nagas cannot merge with Union of India or any other Union, nonetheless the Nagas and the Indians cannot stay apart from each other because interdependent relationship among peoples and nations is the law of necessity. Coexistence of the Nagas and the Indians is a natural necessity, because no individual or nation exists in total isolation from others.
The Nagas say we are the owner of our land, whereas the Government of India claims that Nagalim is an integral part of India. But there is neither history nor any agreement in support of that claim. This diametrically opposite stands taken by the two peoples make them fight for decades. Finally, the Government of India acknowledges that the Nagas are the owner of their land and everything, be it on the surface and beneath.
The Nagas have been living in a compact area covering 120 thousand square kilometers from the very beginning under the political system of village-states. The British Imperialist intruded into the Naga country only in 1832. The British imperialist forces forcibly occupied a part of Naga territory, but the rest part remains as free as ever. Under the colonial policy of divide and rule, the British power divided the Naga country into many parts and it was further divided by the Indian and the Burmese states and placed them in different administrative units against the will of the Nagas.
The politics of integration of all Naga territories under one political roof has been one of the central points of the movement. After series of talks between the Government of India and NSCN, it was mutually agreed that the integration of all the Naga areas is the ‘legitimate right of the Nagas’ and that in keeping with the principle it will be finalized through political process at the earliest as mutually agreed upon.
In the meantime, as agreed upon political institutions will be instituted in the Naga areas in the so-called states of Manipur, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh in addition to the present Nagaland state, which will be transitional to the final goal.
The Government of India proposed PAN NAGA HOHO, a cultural institution which embraces the Nagas of all Naga areas. It will deal with the culture, custom and tradition, literature, social and interest of the Nagas, which was mutually agreed.
We believe this Framework Agreement which says, ‘It will provide for an enduring inclusive new relationship of peaceful coexistence of the two entities’ will be certainly a bridge between the two peoples, not a wall; it will also be the strong tower they have been looking for. This Framework Agreement nullifies the colonial culture of ‘forced marriage and forced Union’, and this agreement will bring the two confronting peoples closer than ever before. The two negotiating parties agreed that this is the meeting point of the Nagas and the Indians.